Hyperpigmentation is a very common skin condition during which the skin begins to pigment unevenly. In other words, spots or patches appear on the face, hands and sometimes other parts of the body that darker in tone as compared to rest of the skin. It has been observed that individuals with darker skin are more likely to be affected by hyperpigmentation than people with lighter skin tone. This is because the pigmentation is more intense in dark skins.
WHAT CAUSES HYPERPIGMENTATION?The major reason behind the cause is increased levels of melanin in a body. Melanin is a hormone responsible for the pigmentation of eyes, hair, and skin. There can be a number of reasons that can cause excessive production of melanin in one’s body. Some of them are as followed:
- The main reason for melanin’s excessive rate of production is too much sunlight’s exposure. Melanin acts as a sunscreen to protect our skin from the damage caused by ultraviolet rays but exposing our skin to excess sun rays can disturb the normal rate of melanin production hence causing hyperpigmentation. The type of hyperpigmentation caused by sunlight includes age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- Hormonal imbalance can also cause melanin to produce excessively resulting in forms of hyperpigmentation like melasma. This is more common in women especially during pregnancy because of increased levels of progesterone and estrogen that triggers excessive production of melanin. Hormone-based treatments can cause similar results.
- Age can also be one of the factors. As we grow older the number of melanin producing cells decrease in our body that eventually cause more workload on the remaining cells. This overload ultimately results in abnormal melanin growth. Thus this is one of the aging signs likely to occur after the 40s.
- Melanin production can also be triggered by a skin injury or different forms of skin inflammations such as a cut, burn mark and acne. The skin healing process during these injuries excessively produces melanin which results for a darker tone in comparison to non- injured area.
- Another triggering factor can be an illness or disease or even medications like radiotherapy, antibiotics that can cause elevated levels of melanin in the body.
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE!
Too much exposure to sunlight is the primary reason for this skin condition. So try to avoid staying too much outside and even if you have to, make sure to use a sunscreen containing SPF 40 or higher. Don't think that on cloudy days you don’t need to wear sunscreen but remember that even on cloudy days the sun doesn’t stop shinning and your skin is still vulnerable to the sun rays. When you are outside, cover your body parts by clothes and try to wear some sort of hat or glasses to prevent direct contact of your skin with the sun.
HOW TO CURE HYPERPIGMENTATION THROUGH MEDICATION?
If you are suffering from this skin condition, know that there are many medical treatments that you can choose according to your budget and what might suit you. Some of these are as followed:
- Buy a good dermo-cosmetic product and make sure it contains SPF, UVA filters and Thiamidol. Incorporate these products as a part of your daily skin care routine and you will definitely notice changes within weeks.
- Try considering exfoliating face mask in which a chemical base is applied to the pigmented areas to exfoliate them. It results in shedding of dead pigmented skin, thus, allowing the new skin to have an even tone.
- Laser therapy is yet another way of treating hyperpigmented skin. High-energy rays are used to shed the darker spots. It functions very precisely and special precautions are required to be taken otherwise it can also result in skin inflammation.
- Use Skin Whitening Cream that is highly effective in curing various type of hyperpigmentation. Make sure to use it in limited amounts as prescribed by your doctor.
WANT TO CURE IT NATURALLY?Following are some of the natural cures that are most likely to work for you. The best part is that all of these are nontoxic with no side effects.
- Use apple cider vinegar that is known to lighten the skin color. Mix equal parts of this with water, apply for a few minutes and then rinse with warm water.
- Aloe vera is amazing for this skin condition as it contains aloin that has proven to lighten pigmentation.
- Red onion can also help to cure this skin condition by depigmenting the skin.
- All forms of milk can be used as they contain Lactic Acid as it has the ability to bring back the darker skin back to normal.